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Agriculture

Agriculture being the mainstay of Fiji's economy, contributes around 28% to total employment in the formal sector and indirectly employing many more. This sector which was once a major stronghold of Fiji's economy is the third largest now, contributing $451 million (9%) annually to the nations GDP. Sugarcane which used to dominate the sector now only contributes (0.9%) and has been surpassed by other crops, horticulture, and livestock production and subsistence sector.

Agriculture has the potential in other sectors such as tourism and agro-industries and as a major 
economic activity in the rural areas; agriculture plays an important role in the process of rural development. Having a rich resource base and tropical climate, Fiji has an advantage in producing a
wide variety of tropical fruits and vegetables given Fiji's fast expanding tourism sector, agricultural growth is necessary to supply high local hotel demand. Thus, the potential for Fiji's agriculture sector is in production for local consumption, export of high value commodities and niche agricultural produce Business Opportunities in the Agriculture Sector.

Potential for Fiji is found in the production and export of high value niche agricultural produce. The 
pristine environment, on which agricultural production takes place braced by other environmental and ecological factors, supports of organic produce. This is a major development in the fresh food market worldwide and provides lucrative opportunities to investors and stakeholders. Potential commodities for value added processing include; papaya, tomatoes, pineapple, coconut, duruka, mango, chillies, banana, cassava, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, ginger, cocoa and dairy.

Potential also exists in the Livestock Sector for:
  • Animal Feed Supply, using local resources from existing industries;
  • Dairy Farming; and
  • Production and supply of organic farm inputs.
AGRICULTURE INCENTIVES

New Businesses from 2009 Onwards
The income of any new activity in commercial agricultural farming and agro-processing approved and established from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2018 shall be exempt from tax as follows:
  • capital investment from $250,000 to $1,000,000, for a period 5 consecutive fiscal years; or
  • capital investment from $1,000,000 to $2,000,000, for a period of 7 consecutive fiscal years; or
  • capital investment above $2,000,000 for a period of 13 consecutive fiscal years.
Commercial Agriculture and Agro-Processing
The importation of all agricultural items will be subject to zero duty.

Bio Fuel Production
10 year tax holiday is available to a taxpayer undertaking a new activity in processing agricultural commodities into bio-fuels as approved by the Commissioner from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2018.

To qualify, the taxpayer must have:-
  • Minimum level of investment of $1,000,000;
  • Employ 20 local employees or more for every income year;
  • Duty free importation of plant, machinery and equipment for initial establishment of the factory; and
  • Duty free importation of chemical required for bio-fuel production.
SMALL & MICRO ENTERPRISES

Income tax exemption to be applicable to selected sectors with maximum turnover threshold of $500,000. This
include:
  • Agriculture and Fishing (For Agriculture, this will cover activities in the entire Agriculture Sector).
FOREIGN INVESTMENT REGULATIONS FOR AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN FIJI
Under the 2009 Foreign Investment Regulations (FIR) and Foreign Investment (Amendment) Regulation 2013 the following activities are Reserved for Fiji Citizens only.
  • Kava Business; and
  • Plant Nursery & Care.
In addition all other agricultural activities does not have a minimum investment requirement.